Mars, after our beautiful planet, is the world most studied by humanity ever. Its mysteries fascinate scientists, and future space missions will answer these questions. The European Space Agency shared a new image of Mars captured using the camera of its spacecraft, the Mars Express.
The image is surprisingly clear and fluid, similar to something that could be captured with a 4K camera. In the photo, we see the north pole of Mars covered by large slabs of snow-covered white ice and surrounded by a reddish and dusty landscape. According to ESA, the layers of ice that cover the poles of Mars are stratified in such a way that they “move subtly” over the course of a year, causing changes in their composition and coverage.
The poles have a permanent cover of water ice during the summer, where temperatures even reach -125 degrees Celsius. The new image of the planet’s north pole was captured using the Mars Express spacecraft’s High-Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC). The small white fragments are not snow, but clouds of carbon dioxide.
Despite this, the cloud cover in this image is much lower, which means that part of the ice sheets and landscape are visible. According to ESA, these frozen poles are particularly interesting areas on the Red Planet and help shed light on the climate of Mars and the ways it has changed over time. Each layer of ice and dust is essentially a “snapshot” of the changes that have taken place on the planet.